Population 150.000 residents (137.711 according to the 2001 census).
Surface 120 sqm
Climate Soft Mediterranean.
Geographyá Capital of Crete, in the centre of the northern coast of island.
History Birthplace of the first European civilization since Minoan Period 3.000 b.c. with capital the city of Knosos.
Economy Key sectors are Tourism, Agriculture and Trade.
Crops Olive trees, vines, orange,legumes.
Food Cretan foods with olive oil, legumes, vegetables, fruits, wine.
Flora Unique aromatic plants.
Fauna Unique Cretan Chamois (Kri Kri).
Museums Archaeological Museum, Historical Museum, Natural History Museum, Museum Of Battle of Crete.
Academic Institutions University of Crete, Faculty of Medicine (8.000 students), Technological Institution (6.500 students), Foundation of Research and Technology (FORTH), Technological Park (STEPc).
Airport Second International Airport of Greece, first in charter flights.
Harbour Important passenger, commercial and cruise.
Hotels Numerous of luxury, A' ,B',and C'
Road Network National road connects Heraklion with the other main cities of Crete.
Hospitals Regional Academic (PEPAGNI), Venizeleio General.
Tourist Period From April To November