Second from the left of the island Crete is the prefecture of Rethymnon (Rethymno), a mountainous area with a long history and tradition. The Prefecture of Rethymnon is home to the mountain range of Psiloritis, the highest peak of the island.
The capital of the prefecture, the port of Rethymnon (Rethymno), stands on the north side of the island and is the third largest town in Crete. It is famous for its special character gained from the many civilizations that flourished in the area. The town of Rethymnon (Rethymno) was a center of Arts and Letters, with an outburst of culture in the 16th and 17th centuries.
In the various museums, it has kept many tokens from its long history, from eras dating back to the Neolithic age, passing through the Minoan period, the Byzantine years and finally the Venetian and Turkish occupations.The rest of the prefecture has also kept its tradition and culture.
The prefecture terrain is mainly mountainous with small but interesting morphological changes such as imposing gorges, a large number of caves, lush valleys and small rivers. Areas of flat land can be found primarily in the northern coastal region as well as between massifs. Equally restricted is the number of rivers.
From the high mountains to the wonderful beaches we can find spread all over the prefecture, monasteries, churches, archaeological sites, Venetian fortresses and Turkish monuments and above all, the real treasure of Rethymnon (Rethymno), its people. In small villages, they still maintain that hospitable spirit and their proud, honest emotions. Carrying with them a magnificent inheritance, they continue living their lives between the past and the present, with their celebrations, music, art and customs.
Many are the important smaller towns and villages in the prefecture of Rethymnon (Rethymno), such as Panormo, Anogia, Argiroupoli, Margarites, Bali, Gerani, Ag. Pavlos, Plakias and Agia Galini where you can meet locals, admire they historical monuments and learn the history of this important part of Crete.